What is lumbar discopathy

Lumbar discopathy is one of the most medical conditions. It is an injury of the intevertebral discs.

Causes of lumbar discopathy and speeding up factors

The most common causes of lumbar discopathy are:

  • inherited genes causing poor quality of the spine and lack of collagen fibers
  • injuries and long-lasting strains speed up the initial phases of disease
  • lifting weights with an improper technique (disproportionally heavy weights, straight legs, bending with spine rotation)
  • forced working position (long-time sitting positions, driving jobs, work with heavy vibrations)
  • growing older (starting from 20 years old)
  • specific anatomy (narrow spinal channel)
  • increased muscle tension
  • obesity, osteoporosis, and hormonal problems.

Symptoms of lumbar discopathy

The most common primary symptoms of lumbar discopathy are:
  • sharp pain in the lumbar and sacral curve is the first and dominating symptom
  • pain originating from the nerve root in the sacral-lumbar curve is located in the buttock area, hip joints, knee joints, calves, ankle joints, and edge of the feet
  • disturbances to touch sensitivity: mostly tingling, numbness, and also weakness
  • intensified spine muscle tension often on the side where nerve roots are pressured. Also, tension between shoulder blades can occasionally be felt, and in the neck as a result of inflammation
  • people over 50 additionally suffer from a large range of degeneration changes (secondary narrowing of the spinal channel), along with changes in the intevertebral shield

Typical stages of the disease:

  • pain is sudden after injury or strain
  • spine efficiency decreases gradually (we can work for shorter periods and rarely move without pain)
  • pain is described as dull, difficult to locate, variable, and after some time it is focused in the lumbar curve
  • in the sharp pain phase, pain radiates along the sciatic nerve
  • pain decreases after rest, or when in unburdened positions, and increases after daily activities